The Holocaust and The Spanish Civil War Didactic Units: an Erasmus + project

An ethical-moral approach from the biographical documents of local histories

That which has happened is a warning. To forget it is guilt. It must be continually remembered. It was possible for this to happen, and it remains possible for it to happen again at any minute. Only in knowledge can it be prevented.

Karl Jaspers

This website includes the work carried out for three years thanks to a common project of seven Secondary Education schools of different European countries, co-funded by the EU through the Erasmus+ programme. We have intended to react to the rise of extremisms in Europe which have been developing under the shape of new political parties in recent years. And so we decided to elaborate some teaching materials about a meaningful event in the History of Europe and of mankind: the Holocaust. This historical event is particularly relevant as a pedagogical element to know modernity and to question the society we want. We have approached the issue from ethical-moral perspectives which can be useful for our students to achieve critical judgement about the reality we live in.

The Spanish Civil War has also been worked, since it is a historical event whose consequences are still alive and which is particularly significant when discussing issues such as the need for shaping the historical memory.

All lesson plans have been developed around four topics connected with the attitude of the protagonists of the biographies generally dealt with in each unit: resistance, collaboration, indifference and the current attitude of political parties towards the historical memory.